Stage 1 – Grade 0 – 2 – Knowledge/Culture, Skills and Attitude.

 Knowledge/Culture, Skills and Attitude

For Grades 0-2



K8                                                                   Essential


Possesses knowledge about what cultures are/how they work.


K8.2                                                                 Useful


Knows that a number of cultures, more or less different exist


K8.4.1                                                              Important


Knows that some of the rules/norms/values relative to social practices in other cultures in certain domains (greetings, everyday needs, sexuality death etc…)


K9                                                                   Important


Knows that cultural diversity and social diversity are closely linked


K9.4                                                                 Important


Knows characteristics of their own situation/cultural environment


K10                                                                 Important


Knows the role of culture in intercultural relations and communication

K10.8                                                               Important


Have cultural references which structure ones knowledge and perception of the world/other cultures, as well as one’s intercultural social and communicative practices.


K10.4.3.1                                                         Important


Knows some examples of prejudice/misunderstandings of cultural origin (especially in the case of cultures of those communities whose language one is learning


K10.8.1                                                            Essential


Has knowledge about cultures which are the object of formal learning/which belong to other learners in the class/which one finds in the immediate environment.


K10.8.2                                                            Important


Knows certain elements which are characteristic of one’s own culture which are the object of formal learning/which belong to other learners in the class/which one finds in the immediate environment.


K11                                                                   Important


Knows that cultures are continuously evolving


K11.1                                                                 Important


Knows that cultural practices/values are created by and evolve under the influence of different factors (history/the environment/the actions of members of the community)


K11.1.2                                                            Useful


Knows the environment often offers opportunity for one to understand/to explain certain cultural practices/values


K11.1.3                                                            Important


Knows that history/geography often offer one the opportunity to understand/to explain certain cultural practices/values


K11.3                                                               Important


Knows that cultures continually exchange elements between themselves


K11.3.1                                                            Essential


Knows that cultures can influence each other


K12                                                                 Essential


Knows several phenomena relative to the diversity of cultures


K12.1                                                               Important


Knows that there is (still) a great multiplicity of cultures all over the world


K12.1.1                                                            Useful


Knows that in connection with diversity of cultures, there exists a great plurality of practices/customs/habits


K12.4                                                               Essential


Knows that different cultures are continuously in contact in our immediate environment


K12.3.1                                                            Important


Knows that one must not confuse culture and country/culture and language


K12.5                                                               Essential


Knows that diversity of cultures does not imply superiority/inferiority of any one in relation to the others


K12.5.3                                                            Essential


Knows that hierarchies established arbitrarily between cultures change according to one’s point of view/the point of reference


K12.5.3.1                                                         Useful


Knows that the graphical representation of the world is different according to the map one is using.


K13                                                                 Essential


Knows that resemblances and differences exist between (sub) cultures


K13.1                                                               Essential


Knows that each culture has (partially) its own way of functioning


K13.1.1                                                            Essential


Knows that the same act may have a different meaning/value/function according to different cultures


K13.2                                                               Essential


Knows there may be resemblances/differences between cultures.




S1                                                                    Useful


Can observe/analyse linguistic elements/cultural phenomena in languages/cultures, which are more or less familiar


S1.1                                                                 Useful


Can make use of/masters processes of observation/analysis (breaking down into elements/classifying/establishing relationships between them)


S1.1.1                                                               Important


Can use inductive approaches in the analysis of linguistic/cultural phenomena


S1.2                                                                 Important


Can observe/analyse sounds (in languages little known or not at all)


S1.2.3                                                               Important


Can isolate segment syllables


S1.2.2                                                               Important


Can isolate sounds (phonemes)


S1.2.1                                                               Important


Can listen attentively/in a manner to productions of different languages


S2                                                                    Useful


Can identify linguistic elements/cultural phenomena in languages/cultures, which are more or less familiar


S2.1                                                                 Important


Can identify sound forms (Has aural recognition skills)


S2.1.1                                                               Important


Can identify simple phonetic elements (sounds)


S2.1.2                                                               Important


Can Identify Prosodic units.


S3                                                                    Essential


Can compare linguistic/cultural features of different languages/cultures (Can perceive/establish linguistic cultural proximity and distance.


S3.1                                                                 Essential


Can apply procedures for making comparisons


S3.2                                                                 Essential


Can perceive proximity and distance (can discriminate aurally)


S3.2.1                                                               Essential


Can establish similarity/differences between languages/cultures


S4                                                                    Useful


Can talk about/explain certain aspects of one’s own language/culture/other languages/other cultures.


S4.3                                                                 Useful


Can explain one’s own knowledge of languages


S6                                                                    Important


Can interact in situations of contact between languages/cultures


S6.3                                                                 Essential


Can communicate while taking sociolinguistic/sociocultural differences into account


S6.3.1                                                               Important


Can use formulae of politeness appropriately.


S6.3.2                                                               Important


Can use forms of address appropriately.


S6.4                                                                 Essential


Can communicate between languages


S6.4.1                                                               Important


Can give an account in one language of information dealt with in another language


S7                                                                    Useful


Can assume ownership of (learn) linguistic features of usage/cultural references or behaviours, which belong to more of less familiar languages & cultures.


S7.1                                                                 Important


Can memorize unfamiliar features


S7.1.1                                                               Important


Can memorize unfamiliar aural features (simple phonetic units, prosodic units, words…)


S7.1.2                                                               Useful


Can memorize features of unfamiliar graphic elements (letters, ideograms, words…)


S7.2                                                                 Useful


Can reproduce unfamiliar features of a language


S7.2.1                                                               Important


Can reproduce unfamiliar aural features (simple phonetic units, prosodic features, words…)


S7.2.2                                                               Important


Can reproduce features of unfamiliar graphic elements (letters, ideograms, words…)






Attention/sensitivity/curiosity/positive acceptance/openness/respect/valorisation


A1                                                                   Important


Attention to foreign languages/cultures/persons/to linguistic/cultural/human diversity in the environment/to language in general to linguistic/cultural/human diversity in general.


A1.1                                                                 Useful


Attention to language (to semiotic manifestations)/to culture/to persons in general.


A1.1.1                                                              Useful


Attention to verbal and non-verbal signs of communication.


A1.1.2                                                              Useful


Considering/apprehending linguistic/cultural phenomena as an object of observation/of reflection


A1.1.3                                                              Important


Attention to the formal aspects of language in general/particular languages/cultures.


A2                                                                   Important


Sensitivity to the existence of other languages/cultures/persons/to the existence of linguistic/cultural/human diversity


A2.1                                                                 Important


Sensitivity towards one’s own language/culture and other languages/cultures


A2.2                                                                 Useful


Sensitivity to linguistic/cultural differences


A2.2.1.1                                                            Important


Being aware of the diversity of linguistic universes’ (sounds, graphisms, syntactic organisations, etc…) cultural universes (table manners, traffic laws, etc…)


A2.5                                                                 Important


Sensitivity to pluralingualism and plurafication in the immediate or remote environment


A2.5.2.1                                                            Important


Being aware of the diversity of languages/cultures present in the classroom (when these are set side by side with one’s own linguistic/cultural Practices/knowledge)


A2.5.2                                                              Important


Being aware of the linguistic/cultural diversity of the classroom


A3                                                                   Essential


Curiosity about/interest in foreign languages/cultures/persons//pluricultural contexts//the linguistic/cultural/human diversity of the environment//linguistic/cultural/human diversity in general.


A3.1                                                                 Essential


Curiosity about a multilingual/multicultural environment


A4                                                                   Essential


Positive acceptance of linguistic/cultural diversity/of what is different


A4.5                                                                 Important


Acceptance of the importance of all language/cultures and the different places they occupy.


A4.5.1.1                                                            Important


Positive acceptance of minority languages/cultures in the classroom


A4.5.1                                                              Important


Acceptance/taking into account of the value of all the languages/cultures of the classroom


A6                                                                   Important


Respect/regard for foreign/different languages/cultures/persons//for the linguistic/cultural/human diversity of the environment//for linguistic/cultural human diversity as such (in general)


A6.1                                                                 Important


Respect for the differences and diversity (in a plurilingual and pluricultural environment).


A9-A12 Attitudes/stances of: Questioning –


Distanciation – An avoidance attachment style used more for distancing strategies such as denying or minimizing their internal distress.


Decentration – Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development where a child slowly moves away from an egocentric world to a world shared with others.


A9                                                                   Important


An attitude of critical questioning/a critical position towards language/culture in general


A9.1                                                                 Important


A will to ask questions relative to languages/cultures


A9.2                                                                 Important


Considering languages/cultures/linguistic/cultural diversity//linguistic/cultural mixes//the learning of languages//their importance//their utility as issues about which questions and discussions may arise.


A18                                                                 Important


A motivation to learn languages (of schooling/family/foreign/regional…)


A18.1                                                               Important


A positive attitude towards the learning of languages (and the speakers who speak them)


A18.1.1                                                            Important


Interest in learning of language/languages of schooling (especially for allophone (one of two or more variants of the same phoneme)learners)


An interest in the learning of languages other than those for which teaching is actually available


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s