Stage 1 – Grade 0 – 2 – Knowledge/Culture, Skills and Attitude.

 Knowledge/Culture, Skills and Attitude

For Grades 0-2

Knowledge

 

K8                                                                   Essential

 

Possesses knowledge about what cultures are/how they work.

 

K8.2                                                                 Useful

 

Knows that a number of cultures, more or less different exist

 

K8.4.1                                                              Important

 

Knows that some of the rules/norms/values relative to social practices in other cultures in certain domains (greetings, everyday needs, sexuality death etc…)

 

K9                                                                   Important

 

Knows that cultural diversity and social diversity are closely linked

 

K9.4                                                                 Important

 

Knows characteristics of their own situation/cultural environment

 

K10                                                                 Important

 

Knows the role of culture in intercultural relations and communication

K10.8                                                               Important

 

Have cultural references which structure ones knowledge and perception of the world/other cultures, as well as one’s intercultural social and communicative practices.

 

K10.4.3.1                                                         Important

 

Knows some examples of prejudice/misunderstandings of cultural origin (especially in the case of cultures of those communities whose language one is learning

 

K10.8.1                                                            Essential

 

Has knowledge about cultures which are the object of formal learning/which belong to other learners in the class/which one finds in the immediate environment.

 

K10.8.2                                                            Important

 

Knows certain elements which are characteristic of one’s own culture which are the object of formal learning/which belong to other learners in the class/which one finds in the immediate environment.

 

K11                                                                   Important

 

Knows that cultures are continuously evolving

 

K11.1                                                                 Important

 

Knows that cultural practices/values are created by and evolve under the influence of different factors (history/the environment/the actions of members of the community)

 

K11.1.2                                                            Useful

 

Knows the environment often offers opportunity for one to understand/to explain certain cultural practices/values

 

K11.1.3                                                            Important

 

Knows that history/geography often offer one the opportunity to understand/to explain certain cultural practices/values

 

K11.3                                                               Important

 

Knows that cultures continually exchange elements between themselves

 

K11.3.1                                                            Essential

 

Knows that cultures can influence each other

 

K12                                                                 Essential

 

Knows several phenomena relative to the diversity of cultures

 

K12.1                                                               Important

 

Knows that there is (still) a great multiplicity of cultures all over the world

 

K12.1.1                                                            Useful

 

Knows that in connection with diversity of cultures, there exists a great plurality of practices/customs/habits

 

K12.4                                                               Essential

 

Knows that different cultures are continuously in contact in our immediate environment

 

K12.3.1                                                            Important

 

Knows that one must not confuse culture and country/culture and language

 

K12.5                                                               Essential

 

Knows that diversity of cultures does not imply superiority/inferiority of any one in relation to the others

 

K12.5.3                                                            Essential

 

Knows that hierarchies established arbitrarily between cultures change according to one’s point of view/the point of reference

 

K12.5.3.1                                                         Useful

 

Knows that the graphical representation of the world is different according to the map one is using.

 

K13                                                                 Essential

 

Knows that resemblances and differences exist between (sub) cultures

 

K13.1                                                               Essential

 

Knows that each culture has (partially) its own way of functioning

 

K13.1.1                                                            Essential

 

Knows that the same act may have a different meaning/value/function according to different cultures

 

K13.2                                                               Essential

 

Knows there may be resemblances/differences between cultures.

 

Skills

 

S1                                                                    Useful

 

Can observe/analyse linguistic elements/cultural phenomena in languages/cultures, which are more or less familiar

 

S1.1                                                                 Useful

 

Can make use of/masters processes of observation/analysis (breaking down into elements/classifying/establishing relationships between them)

 

S1.1.1                                                               Important

 

Can use inductive approaches in the analysis of linguistic/cultural phenomena

 

S1.2                                                                 Important

 

Can observe/analyse sounds (in languages little known or not at all)

 

S1.2.3                                                               Important

 

Can isolate segment syllables

 

S1.2.2                                                               Important

 

Can isolate sounds (phonemes)

 

S1.2.1                                                               Important

 

Can listen attentively/in a manner to productions of different languages

 

S2                                                                    Useful

 

Can identify linguistic elements/cultural phenomena in languages/cultures, which are more or less familiar

 

S2.1                                                                 Important

 

Can identify sound forms (Has aural recognition skills)

 

S2.1.1                                                               Important

 

Can identify simple phonetic elements (sounds)

 

S2.1.2                                                               Important

 

Can Identify Prosodic units.

 

S3                                                                    Essential

 

Can compare linguistic/cultural features of different languages/cultures (Can perceive/establish linguistic cultural proximity and distance.

 

S3.1                                                                 Essential

 

Can apply procedures for making comparisons

 

S3.2                                                                 Essential

 

Can perceive proximity and distance (can discriminate aurally)

 

S3.2.1                                                               Essential

 

Can establish similarity/differences between languages/cultures

 

S4                                                                    Useful

 

Can talk about/explain certain aspects of one’s own language/culture/other languages/other cultures.

 

S4.3                                                                 Useful

 

Can explain one’s own knowledge of languages

 

S6                                                                    Important

 

Can interact in situations of contact between languages/cultures

 

S6.3                                                                 Essential

 

Can communicate while taking sociolinguistic/sociocultural differences into account

 

S6.3.1                                                               Important

 

Can use formulae of politeness appropriately.

 

S6.3.2                                                               Important

 

Can use forms of address appropriately.

 

S6.4                                                                 Essential

 

Can communicate between languages

 

S6.4.1                                                               Important

 

Can give an account in one language of information dealt with in another language

 

S7                                                                    Useful

 

Can assume ownership of (learn) linguistic features of usage/cultural references or behaviours, which belong to more of less familiar languages & cultures.

 

S7.1                                                                 Important

 

Can memorize unfamiliar features

 

S7.1.1                                                               Important

 

Can memorize unfamiliar aural features (simple phonetic units, prosodic units, words…)

 

S7.1.2                                                               Useful

 

Can memorize features of unfamiliar graphic elements (letters, ideograms, words…)

 

S7.2                                                                 Useful

 

Can reproduce unfamiliar features of a language

 

S7.2.1                                                               Important

 

Can reproduce unfamiliar aural features (simple phonetic units, prosodic features, words…)

 

S7.2.2                                                               Important

 

Can reproduce features of unfamiliar graphic elements (letters, ideograms, words…)

 

Attitude

 

A1-A6                                                            

 

Attention/sensitivity/curiosity/positive acceptance/openness/respect/valorisation

 

A1                                                                   Important

 

Attention to foreign languages/cultures/persons/to linguistic/cultural/human diversity in the environment/to language in general to linguistic/cultural/human diversity in general.

 

A1.1                                                                 Useful

 

Attention to language (to semiotic manifestations)/to culture/to persons in general.

 

A1.1.1                                                              Useful

 

Attention to verbal and non-verbal signs of communication.

 

A1.1.2                                                              Useful

 

Considering/apprehending linguistic/cultural phenomena as an object of observation/of reflection

 

A1.1.3                                                              Important

 

Attention to the formal aspects of language in general/particular languages/cultures.

 

A2                                                                   Important

 

Sensitivity to the existence of other languages/cultures/persons/to the existence of linguistic/cultural/human diversity

 

A2.1                                                                 Important

 

Sensitivity towards one’s own language/culture and other languages/cultures

 

A2.2                                                                 Useful

 

Sensitivity to linguistic/cultural differences

 

A2.2.1.1                                                            Important

 

Being aware of the diversity of linguistic universes’ (sounds, graphisms, syntactic organisations, etc…) cultural universes (table manners, traffic laws, etc…)

 

A2.5                                                                 Important

 

Sensitivity to pluralingualism and plurafication in the immediate or remote environment

 

A2.5.2.1                                                            Important

 

Being aware of the diversity of languages/cultures present in the classroom (when these are set side by side with one’s own linguistic/cultural Practices/knowledge)

 

A2.5.2                                                              Important

 

Being aware of the linguistic/cultural diversity of the classroom

 

A3                                                                   Essential

 

Curiosity about/interest in foreign languages/cultures/persons//pluricultural contexts//the linguistic/cultural/human diversity of the environment//linguistic/cultural/human diversity in general.

 

A3.1                                                                 Essential

                                                                                   

Curiosity about a multilingual/multicultural environment

 

A4                                                                   Essential

 

Positive acceptance of linguistic/cultural diversity/of what is different

 

A4.5                                                                 Important

 

Acceptance of the importance of all language/cultures and the different places they occupy.

 

A4.5.1.1                                                            Important

 

Positive acceptance of minority languages/cultures in the classroom

 

A4.5.1                                                              Important

 

Acceptance/taking into account of the value of all the languages/cultures of the classroom

 

A6                                                                   Important

 

Respect/regard for foreign/different languages/cultures/persons//for the linguistic/cultural/human diversity of the environment//for linguistic/cultural human diversity as such (in general)

 

A6.1                                                                 Important

 

Respect for the differences and diversity (in a plurilingual and pluricultural environment).

 

A9-A12 Attitudes/stances of: Questioning –

 

Distanciation – An avoidance attachment style used more for distancing strategies such as denying or minimizing their internal distress.

 

Decentration – Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development where a child slowly moves away from an egocentric world to a world shared with others.

 

A9                                                                   Important

 

An attitude of critical questioning/a critical position towards language/culture in general

 

A9.1                                                                 Important

 

A will to ask questions relative to languages/cultures

 

A9.2                                                                 Important

 

Considering languages/cultures/linguistic/cultural diversity//linguistic/cultural mixes//the learning of languages//their importance//their utility as issues about which questions and discussions may arise.

 

A18                                                                 Important

 

A motivation to learn languages (of schooling/family/foreign/regional…)

 

A18.1                                                               Important

 

A positive attitude towards the learning of languages (and the speakers who speak them)

 

A18.1.1                                                            Important

 

Interest in learning of language/languages of schooling (especially for allophone (one of two or more variants of the same phoneme)learners)

 

An interest in the learning of languages other than those for which teaching is actually available

 

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