Stage 1 – Grade 5 – 6 – Knowledge/Culture, Skills and Attitude.

PowerPoint Source for Knowledge/Culture, Skills and Attitude

For Grades 5-6



K8                                                                   Essential


Possesses Knowledge about what cultures are/how they work.


K8.1                                                                 Useful


Knows that a culture is a grouping of practices or representations/or values of all kinds shared (at least partially) by its members


K8.3                                                                 Important


Knows that culture systems are complex/manifest themselves in different domains (special interaction, the relationship with the environment, knowledge of reality, language, table manners)


K8.6.2                                                              Important


Is familiar with some schemes of interaction specific to certain cultures as far as knowledge of the world is concerned (numbering, methods of measurement, ways of telling time etc)


K8.4                                                                 Essential


Knows that members of each culture define (partially) specific rules/norms/values about social practices/behaviors


K8.4.4                                                              Important


Knows that these rules/norms/values may evolve in time and space


K8.5                                                                 Important


Knows that certain practices in each culture may be arbitrary (rites, language, table manners)


K8.6                                                                 Essential


Knows that each culture determines/organizes as least partly the perception/view of the world/way of thinking of its members


K8.7                                                                 Important


Knows that culture influences behaviors/social practices/personal evaluations (of oneself/of others)


K9                                                                   Important


Knows that cultural diversity and social diversity are closely linked.


K9.1                                                                 Essential


Knows that a culture is always complex and is itself made up of (more or less) different & conflictual/convergent sub cultures


K9.2                                                                 Important


Knows that within a culture there exists sub-cultures corresponding to regional/generational groupings


K9.2.1                                                              Essential


Knows some examples of the variation of cultural practices according to social/regional/generational groupings


K9.3                                                                 Important


Knows that every person forms part of at least one cultural community, and that many persons form part of more than one cultural community


K9.4                                                                 Important


Knows characteristics of their own situation/cultural environment


K9.4.1                                                              Essential


Knows (at least to some extent) which culture one lives in


K10                                                                 Important


Knows the role of culture in intercultural relations and communication


K10.1                                                               Essential


Knows that customs/norms/values specific to each culture make behavior/personal decisions complex within a context of cultural diversity


K10.2                                                               Important


Knows that culture and identity influence communicative interactions


K10.2.2                                                            Essential


Is aware how cultures structure roles in social interactions


K10.5.1.1                                                         Important


Knows some stereotypes other cultures have about one’s own culture


K10.3                                                               Important


Knows that cultural differences may underlie verbal/non-verbal communication/interaction


K10.9.1                                                            Important


Knows that causes of misunderstandings must be sought/clarified in common


K10.4                                                               Essential


Knows that intercultural relations and communication are influenced by knowledge/representations one has of other cultures and those that others have of one’s own culture


K10.5                                                               Essential


Knows that the interpretation that others give to one’s behavior may be different from that which that same person gives to that same behavior


K10.6                                                               Important


Knows that the perception of one’s own culture depends also on individual factors/previous experiences, traits of character


K10.7                                                               Essential


Knows (is aware of) one’s own reactions to linguistic/ language/cultural differences


K10.8                                                               Important


Has cultural references which structure one’s knowledge and perception of the world/other cultures, as well as one’s intercultural social and communicative practices


K11                                                                 Important


Knows that cultures are continuously evolving


K11.1                                                               Important  


Knows that cultural practices/values are created by and evolve under the influence of different factors (history/the environment/the actions of members of the community)


K11.2                                                               Useful


Knows that certain cultures are linked by particular historical relationships (common origin, old contacts etc)


K11.3.4                                                            Important 


Knows that cultural differences tend to dwindle under the influence of globalization


K12                                                                 Essential


Knows several phenomena relative to the diversity of cultures


K12.2                                                               Important  


Knows that it is often difficult to distinguish one culture from another


K12.2.1                                                            Important


Knows that borders between cultures are often blurred/indeterminate/shifting


K12.2.2                                                            Useful


Knows that it is difficult to distinguish/count cultures


K12.3                                                               Essential


Knows that one can find an extensive variety of situations of contact between cultures


K12.5                                                               Essential


Knows that diversity of cultures does not imply superiority/inferiority of any one in relation to the others


K12.5.1                                                            Important


Knows that relations between countries are often unequal/hierarchized


K12.5.2                                                            Important


Knows that hierarchies established arbitrarily between cultures change with time


K14                                                                 Essential


Knows that identity is constructed, amongst other things, in relation to one or more linguistic/cultural affiliations


K14.1                                                               Essential


Knows that identity is constructed on different levels (social/national/supranational…)


K14.1.1                                                            Useful


Knows that similarities and the differences between European cultures are a constitutive element of European identity


K14.2                                                               Important


Knows that one always belongs to various (sub) cultures


K14.5                                                               Important


Knows of the existence of dangers of cultural weakening/alienation/possibilities of cultural enrichment, which may come about as a result of contact with other (dominant) languages/cultures


K15                                                                 Essential


Knows how one acquires/learns a culture


K15.1                                                               Important


Knows that belonging to a culture/acculturation is the result of a long (largely implicit) and subconscious process of learning


K15.3                                                               Essential


Knows that one is never obliged to adopt the behaviors/values of another culture




S1                                                                    Useful


Can observe/analyze linguistic elements/cultural phenomena in languages/cultures which are more or less familiar


S1.1                                                                 Useful


Can make use of/masters processes of observation/analysis (breaking down into elements/classifying/establishing relationships between them)


S1.1.2                                                               Important


Can formulate hypotheses in view of an analysis of linguistic/cultural phenomena


S1.2                                                                 Important


Can observe/analyze sounds (in languages little known or not at all)


S1.3                                                                 Important


Can observe/analyze writing systems (in languages little known or not at all)


S1.3.2                                                               Important


Where these exist, can establish correspondences between script & sound


S1.3.2.1                                                            Essential


Can decipher a text written in an unfamiliar script once the units have been isolated and the grapho-phonetic correspondences have been established


S1.4                                                                 Useful


Can observe/analyze syntactic and or morphological structure


S1.4.2                                                               Important


Can analyze a syntactic structure in an unfamiliar language once it is repeated using different lexical units


S1.4.3                                                               Important


Can accede, at least partially, to the meaning of an utterance in a little known or unknown language by identifying words and by analyzing the syntactic/morph syntactic structure of that utterance


S1.5                                                                 Useful


Can analyze pragmatic functions (in a language that is little known/familiar or not known/familiar at all)


S1.5.3                                                               Useful


Can analyze the relationship between form & interaction


S1.6                                                                 Important


Can analyze communicative repertoires which are plurilingual in a plurilingual situation


S1.7                                                                 Important


Can analyze cultural origin of different aspects of communication


S1.7.1                                                               Important


Can analyze misunderstandings due to cultural differences


S1.8                                                                 Important


Can analyze the cultural origins of certain behaviors


S1.9                                                                 Important


Can analyze specific social phenomena as being the consequence of cultural differences


S1.10                                                               Important


Can develop an interpretation system which enables one to perceive the characteristics of a culture/ meaning/ briefs/ practices


S2                                                                    Useful


Can identify linguistic elements/cultural phenomena in language/cultures which are more or less familiar


S2.1                                                                 Important


Can identify sound forms (has aural recognition skills)


S2.2                                                                 Important


Can identify written forms


S2.2.2                                                               Important


Can identify a morpheme /a word in the written form of familiar or unfamiliar languages


S2.3                                                                 Essential


Can make use of linguistic evidence to identify words of different origin


S2.3.1                                                               Important


Can identify loans/words of international origin/regionalisms


S2.4                                                                 Important


Can identify grammatical categories/functions/markers (article, noun…)


S2.5                                                                 Important


Can identify languages on the basis of identification of linguistic forms


S2.5.1                                                               Important


Can identify languages on the basis of phonological evidence


S2.5.2                                                               Important


Can identify languages on the basis of known words/expressions


S2.6                                                                 Important


Can identify pragmatic functions


S2.7                                                                 Important


Can identify discourse types


S2.8                                                                 Important


Can identify cultural specificities/references/affinities


S2.8.1                                                               Important


Can identify specificities/references/affinities in cultural features manifested by other pupils in the class/other members of a group


S2.9                                                                 Important


Can identify communicative variations engendered by cultural differences


S2.10                                                               Important


Can identify specific forms of behavior linked to cultural differences


S2.11                                                               Important


Can identify cultural prejudice


S3                                                                    Essential


Can compare linguistic/cultural features of different languages/cultures (Can perceive/establish linguistic cultural proximity and distance)


S3.1                                                                 Essential


Can apply procedures for making comparisons


S3.1.3                                                               Essential


Can use a range of different criteria to establish linguistic/cultural proximity


S3.2                                                                 Essential


Can perceive proximity and distance (can discriminate aurally)


S3.2.3                                                               Essential


Can perceive proximity/distance between sounds at morpheme/word level


S3.3                                                                 Essential


Can perceive proximity or distance between graphic forms


S3.3.3                                                               Essential


Can compare scripts used by two/several languages


S3.4                                                                 Essential


Can perceive lexical proximity


S3.4.2                                                               Essential


Can perceive indirect lexical proximity


S3.4.3                                                               Essential


Can compare the form of loan words with their original language


S3.5                                                                 Essential


Can perceive global similarities between two/several languages


S3.5.1                                                               Essential


Can formulate hypotheses about whether languages are related on the basis of similarities between them


S3.6                                                                 Essential


Can compare the relationships between sounds and script in different languages


S3.7                                                                 Essential


Can compare grammatical functioning of different languages


S3.7.1                                                               Essential


Can compare sentence structure in different languages


S3.8                                                                 Essential


Can compare the grammatical functions of different languages


S3.9                                                                 Essential


Can compare communicative cultures


S3.9.2                                                               Essential


Can compare communicative repertoires used in different cultures


S3.9.2.1                                                            Essential


Can compare one’s own language repertoire with those of other languages


S3.9.2.2                                                            Essential


Can compare the communicative repertoire used in different languages


S3.10                                                               Essential


Can compare features of a culture (perceive the cultural proximity/distance)


S3.10.1                                                             Essential


Can use a range of criteria to recognize cultural proximity


S3.10.2                                                             Essential


Can perceive differences or similarities in different aspects of social life (living conditions/ working conditions/ social activities)


S3.10.5                                                             Essential


Can relate documents/events from another culture to documents/events in one’s own culture


S4                                                                    Useful


Can talk about/explain certain aspects of one’s own language/culture/other languages/other cultures


S4.1                                                                 Important


Can construct explanations meant for a foreign instructor about a feature of one’s own culture/meant for an interlocutor from one’s own culture about a feature of another culture


S4.1.1                                                               Important


Can talk about cultural prejudices


S4.2                                                                 Important


Can explain misunderstandings


S4.3                                                                 Useful


Can explain one’s own knowledge of languages


S4.4                                                                 Important


Can agree about cultural diversity (advantages, disadvantages, difficulties) and construct his/her own opinion about it


S5                                                                    Essential


Can use knowledge and skills already mastered in one language in activities of comprehension/production in another language


S5.1                                                                 Essential


Can construct a set of hypotheses about affinities or differences between languages


S5.2                                                                 Essential


Can identify transfer points/features of a language which allow a transfer of knowledge between languages/within a language


S5.3                                                                 Essential


Can make Interlingua transfers/transfers of recognition, which establish a link between an identified feature of a known language and a feature one seeks to identify in an unfamiliar language/transfers of production from known language to an unfamiliar one


S5.3.1                                                               Important


Can carry out transfers of form (set in motion transfer processes) based on interphonological and intergraphemic characteristics/regularities and irregularities


S5.3.3                                                               Important


Can establish grammatical regularities in an unfamiliar language on the basis of grammatical regularities in a familiar language/can carry out transfers at grammatical level


S5.4                                                                 Important


Can carry out intralingua transfers


S5.5                                                                 Important   


Can check the validity of transfers, which have been made


S5.6                                                                 Essential


Can identify one’s own reading strategies in the first language and apply them to the second language


S6                                                                    Important


Can interact in situations of contact between languages/cultures


S6.1                                                                 Essential


Can communicate in bi/plurilingual groups taking into account the repertoire of one’s interlocutors


S6.1.2                                                               Important


Can discuss strategies for interaction


S6.2                                                                 Important


Can ask for help when communicating in bi/plurilingual groups


S6.3                                                                 Essential


Can communicate while taking sociolinguistic/sociocultural differences into account


S6.3.4                                                               Important


Can use metaphoric/idiomatic expressions/formulae in accordance with the cultural background of one’s interlocutor


S6.4                                                                 Essential


Can communicate between languages


S6.4.1.1                                                            Important


Can present a commentary/expose in one language based upon a plurilingual set of documents


S6.5                                                                 Essential


Can activate bilingual or plurilingual communication in relevant situations


S6.5.2                                                               Essential


Can produce a text which registers/varieties/languages alternate functionality (when the situation allows it)


S7                                                                    Useful


Can assume ownership of (learn) linguistic features of usage/cultural references or behaviors which belong to more or less familiar languages & cultures


S7.1                                                                 Important


Can memorize unfamiliar features


S7.2                                                                 Useful


Can reproduce unfamiliar features of a language


S7.3                                                                 Essential


Can gain from previously acquired knowledge about languages and cultures during learning


S7.3.1                                                               Essential


Can gain from previous intercultural experiences to enrich his/her intercultural competence


S7.4                                                                 Essential


Can gain from transfers made (successful/unsuccessful),

Between a known language and another language in order to acquire features of that other language


S7.5                                                                 Essential


Can get ownership of a system for identifying correspondences and non-correspondences between languages known to varying degrees


S7.6                                                                 Useful


Can learn autonomously


S7.7                                                                 Important


Can manage his/her learning in a reflective manner


S7.7.1                                                               Important


Can identify his/her own learning needs/objectives


S7.7.3.1                                                            Essential


Can benefit from previous use of skills and knowledge in his/her/another language in learning a new language


S7.7.4.1                                                            Important


Can observe progress/lack of progress in his/her own learning


S7.7.4.2                                                            Important


Can compare different methods of learning taking their success or failures into account


A1 – A6


Attention/Sensitivity/Curiosity /Positive acceptance/Openness/Respect/Valorization


A1                                                                   Important


Attention to foreign languages/cultures/persons/to linguistic/cultural/human diversity in the environment/to language in general to linguistic/cultural/human diversity in general.


A1.1                                                                 Useful


Attention to language (to semiotic manifestations) /to culture/to persons in general


A2                                                                   Important


Sensitivity to the existence of other languages/ cultures/ persons//to the existence of linguistic/ cultural/ human diversity


A2.2                                                                 Useful


Sensitivity to linguistic/cultural differences


A2.2.1                                                              Useful


Being aware of different aspects of language/culture which may vary from language to language and culture to culture


A2.2.2                                                              Important


Being aware of the local/regional/social/generational variants of a same language (dialects)/culture


A2.3                                                                 Important


Sensitivity to linguistic/cultural similarities


A2.4                                                                 Important


Being sensitive both to differences and to similarities between different languages/cultures


A2.4.1                                                              Important


Being aware of the great diversity of manners and at the same time aware of the similarity of universal needs to which these manners answer


A2.5                                                                 Important


Sensitivity to pluralingualism and to the plurification in the immediate or remote environment


A2.5.1                                                              Useful


Being aware of the linguistic/cultural diversity of society


A3                                                                   Essential


Curiosity about/interest in foreign languages/cultures/persons//pluricultural contexts//the linguistic/cultural/human diversity of the environment//linguistic/cultural/human diversity in general.


A3.2                                                                 Essential


Curiosity about discovering how (one’s own/other) languages/culture works


A4                                                                   Essential


Positive acceptance of linguistic/cultural diversity/of what is different


A4.2                                                                 Important


Accepting the fact that another language/culture may function differently from one’s own language/culture


A4.3                                                                 Important


Accepting the fact that another language/culture may include elements which differ from those of one’s own language/culture 


A4.3.3                                                              Useful


Accepting the existence of cultural features/traditions/artifacts which may differ from those of one’s own culture


A4.6                                                                 Important


Reacting without an a priori negative slant to bilingual talk (ways of speaking which resort to two languages used alternately, essentially between speakers sharing the same plurilingual repertoire


A4.7                                                                 Important


Reacting without an a priori negative slant to mixed cultural practices


A5                                                                   Important


Openness to the diversity of languages/people/cultures of the world/to the diversity as (to difference itself)


A5.1                                                                 Important


Empathy (openness) to alternate choices


A5.2                                                                 Important


Openness to allophonic speakers and their languages


A5.3                                                                 Important


Openness to languages and cultures


A5.3.1                                                              Important


Openness towards languages/cultures, which are viewed with less regard (Minority/cultures/languages/cultures belonging to migrants)


A5.3.3                                                              Useful


Openness towards the unfamiliar


A5.3.3.1                                                            Important


Being open to what seems incomprehensible and different


A6                                                                   Important


Respect/regard for foreign/different languages/cultures/persons/for the linguistic/cultural/human diversity of the environment//for linguistic/cultural human diversity as such (in general)


A6.1                                                                 Important


Respect for differences and diversity (in a plurilingual and pluricultural environment


A6.2                                                                 Important


Valuing linguistic/cultural contacts


A6.3                                                                 Useful


Having regard for bilingualism


A6.5                                                                 Useful


Having respect for human dignity and universal human rights


A7 – A8


Disposition/Motivation/Will/Desire to engage in activity related to languages/cultures and to the diversity of languages and cultures


A7                                                                   Important


Disposition/motivation with respect to linguistic/cultural diversity/plurality


A7.1                                                                 Important


Disposition to plurilingual/pluricultural socialization


A7.2                                                                 Important


Readiness to engage in pluralistic communication while following the rituals and conventions appropriate to context


A7.2.1                                                              Important    


Readiness to try to communicate in the language of others and to behave in a manner considered appropriate by others


A7.3                                                                 Important


Readiness to face difficulties linked to plurilingual/ pluricultural situations and interactions


A7.3.1                                                              Important


Ability to face that, which is new/strange in the linguistic/ cultural behavior in the cultural values of others


A7.3.3                                                              Useful


Readiness to live linguistic/ cultural experiences, which do not conform to one’s expectations


A7.4                                                                 Useful


Disposition to share one’s linguistic/ cultural knowledge with others


A7.5                                                                 Important


Motivation to study/ compare the functioning of different languages (structures, vocabulary, systems of writing)/ cultures


A7.5.1                                                              Important


Motivation for the observation of more or less unfamiliar linguistic/ cultural phenomena


A8                                                                   Essential


A wish/will to be involved to act in connection with linguistic or cultural diversity/ plurality// in a plurilingual or pluricultural environment


A8.1                                                                 Important


A will to take up the challenge of linguistic/ cultural diversity (going beyond simple tolerance, towards deeper levels of understanding and respect, towards acceptance)


A8.2                                                                 Important


Participating consciously in the construction of one’s own plurilingual/ pluricultural competence/ voluntary involvement in the development of the process of plurilingual/ pluricultural socialization


A8.3                                                                 Useful


A will to build/ to participate in a shared language culture (built on knowledge, values and attitudes to language, shared in general by a community)


A8.5                                                                 Important


A wish to discover other languages/ other cultures/ other peoples


A8.6                                                                 Useful


A will/wish to be involved in communication with persons from different cultures/ to come into contact with others


A8.6.1                                                              Useful


A will to interact with members of the receiving culture/ language/ not seeking only the company of one’s own culture


A8.6.2                                                              Useful


A will to try to understand the differences in behaviour/ values/ attitudes of members of the receiving culture


A8.6.3.1                                                            Important 


A commitment to helping persons from another culture/ language


A8.6.3.2                                                            Useful


Accepting help from persons of another culture/ language


A8.7                                                                 Important


A will to assume the implications/ consequences of one’s decisions and behaviours (ethical dimension responsibility)


A8.8                                                                 Important


A will to learn from others


A9 – A12


Attitudes/Stances of questioning –


Distanciation – An avoidance attachment style used more for distancing strategies such as denying or minimizing their internal distress.


Decentration – Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development where a child slowly moves away from an egocentric world to a world shared with others.


A9                                                                   Important


An attitude of critical questioning/ a critical position towards language/ culture in general


A9.1                                                                 Important


A will to ask questions relative to language/ cultures


A9.2                                                                 Important


Considering languages/ cultures/ linguistic/ cultural diversity// linguistic/ cultural mixes// the learning of languages// their importance// their utility as issues about which questions and discussions may arise


A9.2.3                                                              Important


Considering one’s own representations and attitudes towards bilingualism/ pluralingualism/ cultural mixing as an object of analysis and reflection


A9.2.4                                                              Useful


Having a critical attitude in respect of the role of language in social relations (of power/ inequality, the attribution of identity)/ the sociopolitical aspects linked to the functions of languages


A9.3                                                                 Important


A will to question the values and presuppositions of the cultural products and practices of one’s own environment/ of other cultural contexts


A9.4                                                                 Important


A critical attitude to one’s own values (norms) the values (norms) of others


A10                                                                 Useful


A will to construct informed knowledge/ representations


A10.1                                                               Useful


A will to possess a more considered/ less normative view of linguistic/ cultural phenomena (loans/linguistics or cultural mixes/ etc…)


A10.2                                                               Useful


A will to take complexity into account/ to avoid generalizations about every object concerned in the field of languages and cultures


A10.2.1                                                            Important


A will to possess a differentiated view of different forms of types of pluralingualism


A10.3                                                               Important


A will to take critical distance from conventional attitudes about/ concerning cultural differences


A11                                                                 Important


A disposition/ a will to suspend one’s judgment/ one’s acquired representations/ one’s prejudices


A11.1                                                               Essential


Being disposed to distance oneself from one’s own language/ culture// look at one’s own language from the outside


A11.2                                                               Essential


Disposition to suspend judgment about one’s own culture/ other cultures


A11.3                                                               Important


A will to combat (deconstruct/ overcome) one’s own prejudices towards other languages cultures and their speakers/members


A11.3.1                                                            Important


Being attentive to one’s own negative reactions towards cultural/linguistic/differences (fears, contempt, disgust, superiority)


A11.3.3                                                            Important   


Taking a view of languages as dynamic/evolutive/hybrid (as opposed to the notion of the purity of language)


A11.3.4                                                            Important


Being ready to discard one’s own prejudices about languages which have been marginalised (regional languages/ languages of migrant learners/ sign languages)


A12                                                                 Essential


Disposition to starting a process of linguistic/ cultural decantation/relativisation


A12.1                                                               Important


Being ready to distance oneself from one’s own cultural perspective and to be attentive to the effects that this may have on one’s own perception of phenomena


A12.2                                                               Important


Accepting to suspend or to question one’s practices/behaviours/ values and adopt behaviours/ attitudes/ values other than those which have so far constituted one’s linguistic and cultural identity


A12.2.1                                                            Essential


Being ready to decenter oneself relative to the maternal language and culture/the language and culture of the school


A12.2.2                                                            Useful


Being ready to put oneself in the place of the other


A13                                                                 Important


A will/disposition to adapt oneself/ flexibility


A13.1                                                               Important


A will to adapt/ to be flexible in one’s own behaviour when interacting with persons who are linguistically/ culturally different from oneself


A13.2                                                               Useful


Being ready to go through the different stages of the process of adaptation to another culture


A13.2.1                                                            Useful


A will to (try to) manage the frustrations/ emotions created by one’s participation in another culture


A13.3                                                               Important


Flexibility in one’s own stance (behaviour/attitude) vis a vis foreign languages


A13.4                                                               Important


A will to face different manners of perception/ expression /behaviour


A13.5                                                               Useful


Tolerating ambiguity


A14                                                                 Useful


Having self-confidence/feeling at ease


A14.2                                                               Useful


Being self-confident in a situation of communication (expression/reception/interaction/mediation)


A15                                                                 Important


A feeling of familiarity


A15.1                                                               Important


A feeling of familiarity linked to similarities/proximities between languages/between cultures






A16                                                                 Important


Assuming one’s own (linguistic/cultural) identity


A16.1                                                               Useful


Being sensitive to the complexity/the diversity of the rapport which every person has with language/languages/cultures


A16.1.1                                                            Useful


Readiness to consider one’s own relation to different languages/cultures in view of its history/its actual situation on the world


A16.2                                                               Important


Accepting the social identity in which the languages one speaks/the culture one ascribes to occupy an (important) position


A16.2.1                                                           Useful


Assuming oneself (seeing oneself) as a member of a social/cultural/linguistic community/communities


A16.2.3                                                            Important


Considering that a bi/plurilingual/bi/pluricultural identity is an asset


A16.3                                                               Important


Considering one’s own historical identity with confidence/ pride but also while respecting other identities


A16.3.1                                                            Important


Respect oneself, irrespective of which languages/cultures/minority/denigrated languages/ cultures one belongs to.


A16.5                                                               Useful


Being attentive to the possibilities of cultural openness/enrichment that contact with another/other language/cultures may bring about


A17                                                                 Important


Sensitivity to experience


A17.1                                                               Important


Being sensitive to the extent/ the value/ the interest of one’s own linguistic/ cultural competences


A17.2                                                               Important


According value to linguistic knowledge/skills irrespective of the context in which they have been acquired (within school/outside school)


A17.3                                                               Useful


Being ready to learn from one’s errors


A17.4                                                               Useful


Having confidence in one’s own abilities at language learning/ in one’s abilities to extend one’s own linguistic competences


A18                                                                 Important


A motivation to learn languages (of schooling/family/foreign/regional…)


A18.1                                                               Important


A positive attitude towards the learning of languages (and the speakers who speak them)


A18.1.5                                                            Important


An interest in the learning of languages less or little taught in formal schooling


A18.2                                                               Important


An interest for more conscious (more programmed linguistic learning)


A19                                                                 Important


Attitudes aiming to construct pertinent and informed representations for learning


A19.1                                                               Important


Disposition to modify one’s own knowledge/ representations about learning of languages when these appear to be unfavourable to learning (negative prejudice)


A19.2                                                               Useful


Interest in learning techniques/ in one’s own learning style


A19.2.1                                                            Important


Self-questioning on adapted/specific comprehension strategies used when faced with an unknown language/ code


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